Lviv is a historic city in the western part of Ukraine, located on the small river Pełtwia (left tributary of the Bug). Its history dates back to the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries, when a small settlement belonging to the Slavic tribe Lędzian was located in the place of the current city. The first written mention of Lviv dates back to 1256. The founder of the city was the prince Galicko-Wołyński, Daniel and his son Lew (it is from his name that the current name of the city comes). After the death of Daniel, Lew moved the capital of Rus here, and from 1340 Lviv belonged to the Kingdom of Poland. The city was founded in the valley of the former Pełtwia River (now the Lwowska Valley). Due to its favorable location at the intersection of important trade routes between West and East, Lviv quickly became one of the most important shopping centers of Eastern Europe. The greatest period of the city's development falls on the reign of the Jagiellonians, when it was raised to the rank of the capital of the province. At that time Lviv became the seat of archbishops. In the Middle Ages, the city was surrounded by defensive walls, fragments of which have survived to the present day. After the fall of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Lviv was found under the Austrian partition, under which it remained until 1918. In the interwar period, Lviv was the third largest city in Poland in terms of population (after Warsaw and Łódź) and the main center of Polish science and culture. It was here that the famous Polish mathematical school of science centered around the outstanding mathematicians Stefan Banach (1892-1945) and Hugo Steinhaus (1887-1972). After World War II, the city was incorporated into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (now Ukraine).
The rank of Lviv is evidenced by the fact that as much as 50% of the monuments of all of Ukraine are located here. In the old town you can find many buildings in the Renaissance, Baroque or Classicist style. At the beginning of the 20th century, the city was enriched by buildings in the Art Nouveau style, and a number of modernist buildings were built in the interwar period. The heart of the oldest part of the city is the extensive market square in the center of which stands the magnificent town hall building. The current building was erected in the years 1827-1835 in the classical style according to the design of Józef Markl and Franciszek Trescher. The frontages of the market are closed by stately tenement houses, of which the characteristic Renaissance Black Tenement House is also attracted attention, often called Lorencowiczowska or Anczowska from the names of its first owners. The facade of the building is covered with sandstone diamond rusty, which was blackened with old age or - according to other sources - was painted black (hence the name of the house). Currently, the black tenement house is considered one of the most valuable monuments of bourgeois architecture from the Renaissance in old Poland. At the south-west corner of the market is one of the oldest monuments of Lviv, which is the magnificent cathedral basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, colloquially called the Latin Cathedral. This three-nave temple was built at the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries according to the plans of the city architect Piotr Stecher. In 1765, inside the basilica, a picture of the Gracious Virgin Mary - the "Cute Star of the city of Lviv", called Domagaliczowska was placed. Other important monuments of Lviv include located at the market square, the Lubomirski Baroque Palace, which is one of the greatest baroque monuments of Lviv - the Corpus Christi Church, the cathedral cathedral of St. Jura, the 17th century church of St. Andrew, the Royal Arsenal, Powder Tower, the Neo-Renaissance Potocki Palace, Adam Mickiewicz's column, the 14th century Armenian Cathedral (with the Armenian district) and the famous Lychakiv Cemetery (Lviv's oldest historic necropolis). In 1998, the old city in Lviv was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
• Over the years, three cultures lived in Lviv: Jewish, Polish and Ukrainian. Each of these groups had their own religion to which they were strongly attached (Judaism, Catholicism and Orthodoxy).
• In Lviv run the so-called minibuses. These are buses belonging to private individuals, which for a small price commute even to places where public transport is not neglected.