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Cracow Jewish DistrictCracow Local Tours
From the turn of the 19th century and the 20th century, the Jewish population began to occupy the whole district of Kazimierz and the neighboring district of Stradom. From the end of the 19th century, Jews also took an active part in the development of the district as investors, construction entrepreneurs and architects. Social and economic activity enabled them to grant equal civil rights in the 1860s. Thanks to this, the Jewish intelligentsia was more willing to assimilate culturally and decided to live outside Kazimierz.
Before World War II, Krakow numbered over 64 thousand Jews (one quarter of the city's population). Until 1939, the Jews created a developed social infrastructure, implementing the interests and aspirations of minorities. This infrastructure was built mainly in Kazimierz, which in the interwar period remained a district of an extremely Jewish and natural social base for the majority of Jewish organizations and institutions. They prayed in six large orthodox synagogues and in the Tempel synagogue. It was maintained by the Jewish kehilla, but there were also many houses of prayer belonging to various religious associations and private persons.
Today, Kazimierz is one of the most recognizable places in Krakow. This vibrant cultural and artistic district attracts especially those who want to feel the spirit of Kraków's bohemia.